Roy Moore’s alleged pursuit of a young girl is the symptom of a larger problem in evangelical circles – LA Times

It’s hard admitting, even to yourself, when something isn’t quite right in your own family. But my truth is that my grandmother was 23 years old and my grandfather was 49 years old when they married but they had been together since my grandmother was 18 or 19. Lastly, my grandmother was at least the third woman with whom my grandfather either had a common-law, jump the broom, or State/County marriage. One of my task with our family geneology is to locate any other daughters or son’s my grandfather might have had. But my grandparents married over a hundred years ago and from what Author and College Professor Nicholas L. Syrett of University of Kansas states in his book on America’s child marriage this wasn’t uncommon back then.

The really sad thing is that this practice continues today with young girls being married, some by force, because of religious beliefs. Some because they’re pregnant and adults fear the consequences if this news gets out. This is possible because in some states all it takes is one of the parents consent for girls as young as 12 to get married.

{Most in the United States likely associate the concept of the child bride with the mores and practices of the distant past. But Nicholas L. Syrett challenges this assumption in his sweeping and sometimes shocking history of youthful marriage in America. Focusing on young women and girls–the most common underage spouses–Syrett tracks the marital history of American minors from the colonial period to the present, chronicling the debates and moral panics related to these unions.

Although the frequency of child marriages has declined since the early twentieth century, Syrett reveals that the practice was historically far more widespread in the United States than is commonly thought. It also continues to this day: current estimates indicate that 9 percent of living American women were married before turning eighteen. By examining the legal and social forces that have worked to curtail early marriage in America–including the efforts of women’s rights activists, advocates for children’s rights, and social workers–Syrett sheds new light on the American public’s perceptions of young people marrying and the ways that individuals and communities challenged the complex legalities and cultural norms brought to the fore when underage citizens, by choice or coercion, became husband and wife.}

In that world, which Moore travels in and I grew up in, 14-year-old girls courting adult men isn’t uncommon.

I use the phrase “14-year-old girls courting adult men,” rather than “adult men courting 14-year-old girls,” for a reason: Evangelicals routinely frame these relationships in those terms. That’s how I was introduced to these relationships as a home-schooled teenager in the 1990s, and it’s the language that my friends and I would use to discuss girls we knew who were in parent-sanctioned relationships with older men.

https://www.google.com/amp/www.latimes.com/opinion/op-ed/la-oe-brightbill-roy-moore-evangelical-culture-20171110-story,amp.html

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Salacious FBI file on Dr. King shows extent to which agency tried to discredit him | Richmond Free Press | Serving the African American Community in Richmond, VA

It’s no surprise to me that FBI information about Martin Luther King Jr., reportedly engaged in affairs, participated in orgies, had a love child, etc… was included in the recently released documents on President John F Kennedy. Seriously, with all of the powerful, “primarily white” men in the movie and media industry currently being accused of sexual misconduct, sexual harassment, sexual abuse and rape (for the first time that I can remember) actually being held accountable, forced to respond, investigated, etc.. Plus these men are loosing jobs, being kicked out of professional organizations, having contracts for future work voided, being investigated by the police, etc… I don’t know if it’s related but it’s quite possible that the team of advisors responsible for 45 fear his name also being brought up again, with women violating the none-disclosure, and 45 being investigated by local, state, federal or inter-national law enforcement. This is concern from 45’s advisors is even more probable considering the fact that the GOP has asked Roy Moore of Alabama to consider stepping aside and withdrawing from the election based upon reports that he was sexually inappropriate with teenage girls, at least one as young as 14, when he was in his 30’s. It’s not that I’m a conspiracy theorist but I can’t help but think that these men would consider a report on Martin Luther King Jr sexual behaviors as a great dis-traction to all of the attention that they’re currently receiving.

Simply put, the white man has a history of projecting their crimes on to the black man by accusing the black man of lusting after the white woman while in fact it was the white man who was lusting after, and raping, the black girl and woman.

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The FBI released files containing allegations about the late Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.’s political and personal life, documents collected during a time when the FBI used it’s surveillance and tried to discredit the civil rights leader.

A newly released secret FBI dossier on Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. alleges that the noted civil rights leader was “a slow thinker” who had ties to the Community Party, used the Southern Christian Leadership Council as “a tax dodge,” and engaged in a string of extramarital affairs and sex orgies that produced a love child.

(BTW This Suicide Letter was released unredacted a few years ago) FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover made headlines by calling Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. the “most notorious liar in the country.” Hoover made the comment in front of a group of female journalists ahead of King’s trip to Oslo where he received the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize, becoming the youngest recipient of the prize. While Hoover was trying to publicly discredit King, the agency also sent King an anonymous letter threatening to expose the civil rights leader’s extramarital affairs. The unsigned, typed letter was written in the voice of a disillusioned civil rights activist, but it is believed to have been written by one of Hoover’s deputies, William Sullivan. The letter concluded by saying, “King, there is only one thing left for you to do. You know what it is. … You are done. There is but one way out for you. You better take it before your filthy, abnormal fraudulent self is bared to the nation.”

http://m.richmondfreepress.com/news/2017/nov/10/salacious-fbi-file-dr-king-shows-extent-which-agen/

Was Power-Posing Guru Amy Cuddy Shamed by Scientists Because She’s a Woman?

Psychologist are often tasked with the impossible, to study, hypothesis, research and prove that which is unseen. Intelligence, Motivation, Motives, Prejudice, Empty, Morals, and Power are but a few examples of topics Psychologist research. Intelligence test, which generally have a lot of statistical data, have been found to be biased. But the majority of states have required, historically, that an intelligence test be given in determinations of eligibility for students age 3-21 to receive Special Educational services within the local School Systems. Intelligence test continue to be used, after decades of revisions via new research. One of the problems found with intelligence testing was the actual language used within the test.

The language was problematic because even though the majority of the students in the U.S.A. speak English as people in the Americas speak a different English than that used in England so different regions of the USA speak different dialects.

Back to the topic at hand, have women especially Cuddy been made the poster child of “bad” research even though more men than women research has been found to be unrepeatable.

As Cuddy made the rounds in the media, collecting public accolades for her game-changing science, a fight was brewing in her field. By the end of 2011, a movement had emerged among psychologists to re-examine prior work. Statistics-minded critics pointed out that standard ways of setting up experiments and analyzing the results had some major flaws, and that the research literature seemed all but guaranteed to be infected with a rash of false-positive conclusions. Cuddy’s work, like that of many other scientists, would fail to replicate in larger studies.

http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2017/10/did_power_posing_guru_amy_cuddy_deserve_her_public_shaming.html

Investor ‘Dr. Doom’ who appears on Fox Business pens shockingly racist screed — and stands by it | Raw Story

The misinformation, omissions and outright lies commonly referred to as the history of the world has another victim. The victim is an old #WhitePrivilege man, called Dr. Doom -Marc Faber, a Swiss investor, of Fox News Business who is supposed to be an expert in investment. (Personally, I doubt he is really an expert because a true expert in investment would have amassed millions and not need to take a position working for others.) Back to the point, Dr. Doom has so embrace the #WhitePrivilege afforded him as to not question if the evidence lives up to the hypothetical facts. He has used his platform on Fox News Business to make Prejudice statements in a newsletter that is a formal publication of his J.O.B. In this newsletter he uses the distortions of the history he has embraced to attack the business acclaim of Africans as well as the African diaspora. Additionally, he purposes the Confederacy was correct in their views on slavery. He offers no apology.

My only response to this support of institutional racism is that it is documented that after various African countries won freedom from colonization that in an effort to ensure that the country would not become Communist European governments and USA actively worked against these governments. They attempted to unstabilized the governments by assassination of rightful leaders and/or providing training and gun as well as funds to rebels groups in order to overthrow elected officials.

The author of an influential investing newsletter admits he may be racist for defending slavery and white supremacy.

Marc Faber, a Swiss investor and who appears on financial TV as “Dr. Doom,” attacked “liberal hypocrites” and expressed plainly racist views in his most recent, print-only Gloom Boom & Doom Report newsletter, reported Business Insider.

https://www.rawstory.com/2017/10/investor-dr-doom-who-appears-on-fox-business-pens-shockingly-racist-screed-and-stands-by-it/amp/

From Aggressive Overtures to Sexual Assault: Harvey Weinstein’s Accusers Tell Their Stories

What was a first a large number of women by many accounts has become an avalanche of women including several “A” list actresses. While there are those who will choose not to believe, even if the evidence of semen stained clothes are produced, it is obvious to most people that Harvey Weinstein is a sexual predator. How long has these sexually inappropriate behaviors been going on we might never know for sure but recorded accusations range back 30 years so it is more than possible that the behaviors could actually go back 40 or 50 years to when Weinstein was a teenager. Why do you ask am I sure that Weinstein’s criminal behaviors go back further. The reasoning is simply that before Weinstein would be so bold as to engage in those behaviors as a function of his career with simi-strangers he would have attempted the sexual behaviors in a more private manner with an associate. This reasoning is especially sound as it appears that Weinstein and his brother only started the company approximately 30 odd years ago.

I don’t know if Weinstein could have benefited from counseling if he had been reported/caught after one of his first incidents of sexually inappropriate behaviors.

From reports of his brother, Bob, he was always arrogant, had a sense of entitlement and would become verbally aggressive when things didn’t work out for him. Bob describes his big brother, Harvey, as a bully and stated that he knew of Harvey’s literally just going out there cheating in a pervasive way.

“I actually was quite aware that Harvey was philandering with every woman he could meet. I was sick and disgusted by his actions. No F-in way was I aware that that was the type of predator that he was. And the way he convinced people to do things? I thought they were all consensual situation.”

{The Hollywood Reporter – Bob Weinstein Gets Emotional on “Depraved” Harvey, Saving the Company and His “Waking Nightmare” (Exclusive)

But right now, even as he struggles to right the company (of which he and Harvey both own about 20 percent each), he’s also coping with his own sense of shame and betrayal, expressing sympathy for Harvey’s victims while also questioning whether he should have done more in the face of Harvey’s alleged abusive behavior. Bob, who worked mostly in Los Angeles while Harvey presided over TWC’s New York offices, says he’s barely spoken to his brother over the past five years. “I could not take his cheating, his lying and also his attitude toward everyone,” he says. While he says he knew his brother was unfaithful to wife Georgina Chapman, Bob insists he had no idea about “the type of predator that he was” and is sickened by Harvey’s seeming lack of remorse. “I have a brother that’s indefensible and crazy,” says Bob, adding, “I want him to get the justice that he deserves.”}

Some people, I will admit mostly women, feel that Bob is covering up and down playing his knowledge of Harvey’s behaviors in an effort to save the company. If Bob is covering up he is part of a host of men in Hollywood, in front and behind the screen, who are also covering up their knowledge of the open secret of sexual abuse that was Harvey Weinstein.

But in defense of Bob, there is a learned pattern of looking the other way when working with family and close friend. This pattern isn’t started in defense of the friend or family member but in a manner of self protection. As anyone who has ever been pulled into a friends or family members person drama will tell you after a while the only way to maintain their own sanity is to put up walls between yourselves and the drama inducing situations. You could see this in the way that some of Tim Jobs early co-workers and friends provided for his daughter without his knowledge. You also see this in friends that ignore others drug usage when it doesn’t interfere with the job. These are just a couple of examples and highlight how it’s possible Bob only knew about Harvey’s casual disregard for fidelity towards his marriage vows.

This doesn’t mean that I think the company was blameless. I do think that the company contributed to the abuse as well as the cover up but that’s because that’s how Harvey wanted it. For the company, if they survive, I would hope that they would step to the forefront of the Hollywood effort to curb the “casting couch”. Because make no mistake Harvey is not the only man in Hollywood to use the power associated with the job in that manner. Something needs to be done to prevent this type of abuse from continuing.

https://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/from-aggressive-overtures-to-sexual-assault-harvey-weinsteins-accusers-tell-their-stories

(RETRACTION) Oliver Stone on Harvey Weinstein: I believe a man shouldn’t be condemned by a vigilante system- Variety /The question remains will Hollywood continue to support Woody Allen, Roman Polinsky and Casey Affleck

The Perspectives, developments of the “the white boys club” are constantly changing with the continued fallout from the Harvey Weinstein sexual harassment, abuse and rape scandal. These retractions, changes, updates are happening so fast it’s almost like a set of dominos in a line tumbling down. I have attempted to include a cross section of the articles but with the numbers written daily this is impossible. I purposely did not talk about Bill Cosby and his associated scandal because it appears that Hollywood is not supporting his career.

Oliver Stone “HYPOCRITE” initially responded to a question about the Harvey Weinstein scandal at the Busan International Film Festival on Thursday, saying “it’s not easy” for the former Hollywood mogul.

“I’m a believer that you wait until this thing gets to trial,” the controversial U.S. film director said. “I believe a man shouldn’t be condemned by a vigilante system. It’s not easy what he’s going through either. He was a rival and I never did business with him. I’ve heard horror stories on everyone in the business. So, I’m not going to comment on that. I’ll wait and see, which is the right thing to do.”

http://variety.com/2017/politics/asia/oliver-stone-harvey-weinstein-1202588878/

{Will Flood of Weinstein Accusers Bring Sweeping Change to Hollywood?

On Thursday evening, in a case unrelated to Weinstein, the chief of Amazon Studios, Roy Price, was suspended after a female producer of an Amazon show, Isa Hackett, revealed verbally abusive comments he made to her, according to The Hollywood Reporter.

Even the film director Oliver Stone seems to have changed his mind on the subject. After the initial article came out about Weinstein, Stone told the Hollywood Reporter that Weinstein shouldn’t be condemned by a “vigilante system,” and urged public opinion to wait for a trial.

“It’s not easy what he’s going through either,” Stone said, drawing widespread ridicule.

Model and actress Carrie Stevens told The New York Daily News Thursday that Stone had grabbed her breast at a party more than two days ago.

On the same day, Stone backtracked on his comments, saying he had finally seen the widespread allegations against Weinstein. He said he would drop out of a Showtime television project he was working on with the Weinstein Co.

“I’m appalled and commend the courage of the women who’ve stepped forward to report sexual abuse or rape,” Stone said

https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/will-flood-weinstein-accusers-bring-sweeping-change-hollywood-n810701 }

{Producers Guild Delays Meeting on Possible Expulsion of Harvey Weinstein

Citing the need for confidentiality, the Producers Guild of America has delayed its emergency board meeting to decide whether to expel disgraced ex-mogul Harvey Weinstein.

The meeting had been set to take place on Saturday but will now occur on Monday.}

**So Are People Going To Stop Working With Woody Allen & Roman Polanski Now?

Why does Hollywood keep defending Roman Polanski?

“As far as what I did: it’s over,” Polanski said.

“I pleaded guilty. I went to jail. I came back to the United States to do it, people forget about that, or don’t even know. I then was locked up here after this festival [in 2009]. So in the sum, I did about four or five times more than what was promised to me.”

On Wednesday, German actress Renate Langer, 61, publicly accused Polanski of raping her on two separate occasions in 1972, when she was 15.

Roman Polanski Comments on Rape Case: “It’s Over”

The 84-year-old director spoke out about his decades-old sexual assault accusations in a rare press interview at the Zurich Film Festival, where he’s promoting his latest film, ‘Based on a True Story.’

In a rare press interview, Roman Polanski has addressed the decades-old sexual assault case that continues to dominate any discussion of the 84-year-old Oscar-winning director or his work.

Most of the facts of the case are undisputed. On March 11, 1977, Polanski, at the time the toast of Hollywood as the director of Rosemary’s Baby and Chinatown, was arrested and charged with drugging and raping then-13-year-old Samantha Gailey (now Samantha Geimer). As part of a plea bargain, Polanski pled guilty to unlawful sexual intercourse with a minor, underwent psychiatric evaluation and spent 42 days in jail.

But in 1978, when he heard that a judge was going to disregard the plea bargain and make an example of him, reportedly by giving him up to 50 years in prison, Polanski fled to Paris. He has remained a fugitive ever since, despite repeated attempts, including several pleas by the victim, to have the case dismissed. Last month, California judge Scott Gordon rejected Geimer’s latest request, saying the Polanski case would go forward.

“As you know, Samantha Geimer has been asking for over 30 years for this thing to end,” Polanski said. “But, I’m sorry the judges who dealt with it the last 40 years were corrupted, one covering for the other. So I don’t maybe one of them will [eventually] stop doing it.”

Roman Polanski Accused of Rape by Former German Actress

Langer is the latest woman to publicly accuse Polanski of sexually assaulting her when she was a teenager. In 2010, British actress Charlotte Lewis, who appeared in Polanski’s 1986 film “Pirates,” accused him of “forcing himself” on her in 1982 in Paris when she was 16.

Last month, a third woman who identified herself as Robin went public with her claim that Polanski sexually victimized her in 1973, when she was 16.

*Swiss prosecutors probe 1972 rape claim against Roman Polanski

GENEVA — A Swiss prosecutor’s office says it has jurisdiction in the complaint of a German woman alleging Oscar-winning director Roman Polanski raped her in an Alpine resort town when she was a teenager 45 years ago.

Woody Allen: “Harvey Weinstein Thing Is Very Sad for Everybody Involved”

Woody Allen has weighed in on Harvey Weinstein’s sexual misconduct scandal, saying it is “sad” for the victims as well as for the producer himself.

The famed director, whose own daughter has accused him of sexual abuse—a claim he denied, spoke to the BBC in an interview posted on Sunday.

“The whole Harvey Weinstein thing is very sad for everybody involved,” he said. “Tragic for the poor women that were involved, sad for Harvey that is life is so messed up.

“There’s no winners in that, it’s just very, very sad and tragic for those poor women that had to go through that,” he added.

Woody Allen Fears ‘Witch Hunt’ of Every Guy in Office Who Winks at a Woman

“The whole Harvey Weinstein thing is very sad for everybody involved,” said Allen, whose son Ronan Farrow reported claims from several women alleging Weinstein raped them. “Tragic for the poor women that were involved, sad for Harvey that his life is so messed up.”

“You also don’t want it to lead to a witch hunt atmosphere, a Salem atmosphere, where every guy in an office who winks at a woman is suddenly having to call a lawyer to defend himself,” Allen said. “That’s not right either.”

“There’s no winners in that, it’s just very, very sad and tragic for those poor women that had to go through that,” said Allen, who has faced allegations that he sexually molested his adopted daughter Dylan Farrow 25 years ago.

Allen has denied any wrongdoing. Connecticut authorities never charged the filmmaker with a crime.

Weinstein has been widely credited with reviving Allen’s career following the controversy with his daughter.

Casey Affleck’s Dark Secret: The Disturbing Allegations Against the Oscar Hopeful

Asked to comment on two sexual-harassment suits that were brought against him by women who worked on I’m Still Here, Affleck responds, “People say whatever they want. Sometimes it doesn’t matter how you respond… I guess people think if you’re well-known, it’s perfectly fine to say anything you want. I don’t know why that is. But it shouldn’t be, because everybody has families and lives.” The Daily Beast reached out to Affleck’s representative for additional comment to no avail.

Casey Affleck’s Oscar Win Confirms Harassment Allegations Aren’t Disqualifying -From the Oscars to the White House, white men who treat women like crap can have it all.

🤔🤔🤔🤔🤔🤔🤔🤔🤔🤔🤔🤔

For me, myself and I, and my paranoid nature, it appears as if Harvey Weinstein has been thrown to the wolves in hopes of limiting the fallout to the movie industry.

Oliver Stone has already reputed his previous statement regarding #VigilanteSystem towards Harvey Weinstein and gave lip service to the courage of the women who are coming forward. It should also be noted that a woman said Stone grabbed her breast just last week. Amazon Studios has suspended one of it’s executives. And instead of waiting like the Producers Guild of America; Harvey Weinstein officially voted out of the Academy.

Now the question is who knew and may have covered up for Weinstein over the years. I’m sure if Rose McGowan were black, society would have tried to discount her as a Angry Black Woman, which translates to white people as irrational and uncouth. But Rose McGowan isn’t black and although Twitter did suspend her account for I think a day the “twitterverse” has put Twitter on notice that they’re watching for an abuse of power or to expose a double standard.

Rose McGowan has been very active on Twitter and news reporters are also waiting, watching and reporting on individuals she is calling out for maybe misguidedly assisting Weinstein in covering up his transgressions.

*Rose McGowan Calls Out Matt Damon, Russell Crowe, Ben and Casey Affleck in Latest Harvey Weinstein Tweets

But women other like, , are also calling out individuals and the media. ‘Weinstein’s Media Enablers’? The New York Times Is One of Them– The paper had a story on mogul’s sexual misconduct back in 2004 — but gutted it under pressure

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In Antebellum Black Ethnology

Dictionary definition of Antebellum Black Ethnology | Encyclopedia.com: FREE online dictionary

“scientific racism,” American Ethnology focused on racial differences, and it invariably classified blacks and other people of color as inferior and innately distinct from white people. Accordingly, American ethnology, as put forth by white authors, lent support to proslavery apologists such as Josiah Nott (1804–1873), who drew on its arguments for black inferiority to support the perpetuation of slavery. Black Americans, however, countered with ethnological arguments of their own.

Antebellum black ethnology defended the status of black people in the human family and the scriptures, stressing that all the races of humanity descended from a shared ancestry. Among the nineteenth-century blacks who wrote and spoke about ethnology were a number of well-known figures such as Frederick Douglass (1817– 1895) and Martin Delany (1812–1885), as well as scores of more obscure black thinkers.

THE ORIGINS OF BLACK ETHNOLOGY
In addressing ethnology in the 1850s, Delany and Douglass joined an already well-established tradition of black racial self-defense. Published African-American defenses of the capacities of the black race date back to the eighteenth-century, when African-Americans first confronted published arguments for black inferiority. Among the earliest arguments they encountered came from Thomas Jefferson. Writing in Notes on the State of Virginia (1789), Jefferson “advanced, as a suspicion only, that blacks whether originally a distinct race, or made distinct by time, are inferior to whites in the endowments of body and mind” (p. 262). Jefferson’s speculations were soon answered by an African-American contemporary named Benjamin Banneker (1731–1806), a self-educated former slave who achieved considerable renown as a mathematician, astronomer, and surveyor. In a public letter to Jefferson written in 1792, Banneker stressed that “we are all of the same human family” and implored the founding father to “embrace every opportunity to eradicate that train of absurd and false opinions and ideas, which so generally prevails with respect to us” (Nash 1990, p. 178). Jefferson’s response to Banneker was cordial, but his views seem to have remained the same. In a private letter to a friend, Jefferson wrote “I have a long letter from Banneker, which shows him to have a mind of a very common stature indeed” (Bay 2000, p. 17).

Jefferson’s negative assessment of the capacities of the black race would be increasingly widely supported in the nineteenth century.

Please read material listed in the bibliography or follow the link below for the rest of the article.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bay, Mia. 2000. The White Image in the Black Mind: African-American Ideas about White People, 1830–1925. New York: Oxford University Press.

Browne, Stephen Howard. 2000. “Counter-Science: African-American Historians and the Critique of Ethnology in Nineteenth-Century America.” Western Journal of Communication 64 (3): 268–284.

Delany, Martin R. 1968 (1852). The Condition, Elevation, Emigration, and Destiny of the Colored People of the United States. New York: Arno Press.

———. 1879. Principia of Ethnology: The Origin of Races and Color, with an Archeological Compendium of Ethiopian and Egyptian Civilization from Years of Careful Examination and Enquiry. Philadelphia: Harper and Brother.

Douglass, Frederick. 1982. “The Claims of the Negro Ethnologically Considered: A Speech Delivered to the Prestigious Philozetian and Phi Delta Societies of Western Reserve College in Hudson, Ohio, 12, July, 1854.” In The Frederick Douglass Papers, Series One: Speeches, Debates, and Interviews. Vol. 2, 1847–54, edited by John W. Blassingame. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Easton, Hosea. 1837. A Treatise on the Intellectual Character, and Civil and Political Condition of the Colored People of the United States. Boston: Isaac Knapp.

Fredrickson, George M. 1971. The Black Image in the White Mind: The Debate over Afro-American Character and Destiny 1817–1914. New York: Harper & Row.

http://tpc.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-13/html/container.html

Gossett, Thomas F. 1963. Race: The History of an Idea in America. Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press.

Gould, Stephen J. 1981. The Mismeasure of Man. New York: W. W. Norton.

Jefferson, Thomas. 1944. “Notes on the State of Virginia.” In The Life and Selected Writings of Thomas Jefferson, edited by Adrienne Koch and William Peden. New York: Modern American Library.

Lewis, R. B. 1844. Light and Truth: Collected from the Bible and Ancient and Modern History Containing the Universal History of the Colored and Indian Race; from the Creation of the World to the Present Time. Boston: Committee of Colored Gentlemen.

Morton, Samuel. 1844. Crania Aegyptiaca: Or, Observations on Egyptian Ethnography Derived from Anatomy, History, and the Monuments. Philadelphia: J. Penington.

Nash, Gary. 1990. Race and Revolution. Madison, WI: Madison House.

Pennington, James, W. C. 1969 (1841). A Text Book of the Origins and History of the Colored People. Detroit, MI: Negro History Press.

http://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/antebellum-black-ethnology